Tag Archives: exegesis

Grant Osborne explains why we read the Bible with our head and heart

“Certainly the emotional feeling within an epistle is an important aspect of its total meaning. In fact, it could be argued that the true meaning is lost without the portrayal of the emotions to guide the interpreter. There is no depth without the personal element, no grasp or feel for a passage without the underlying tone. This is especially essential for the preacher, who wants to lead first himself and then the congregation into the intensity of the text, to awaken those slumbering passions for God and his will that were so essential to early Christian experience but often have been set aside by the pressures of modern life.”

Grant R. Osborne, The Hermeneutical Spiral : A Comprehensive Introduction to Biblical Interpretation (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 2006), 120.

Interpretation then Application

Once you get a good translation, you’re ready to begin reading the Bible. Reading the Bible is different from any other book in existence today because there are essentially two distinct steps that are necessary for Christians as they read their Bible:

  • Interpretation (aka exegesis): according to biblestudy.org, exegesis is defined as “an approach to interpreting a passage in the Bible by critical analysis.” Simply put, exegesis is the process of studying the context of a passage (literary genre, author, historical situation, recipients, etc.) so as to fully understand what the passage meant to its original audience.
  • Application (aka hermeneutics): according to the New Bible Dictionary, this is “the interpretation of the text in such a way that its message comes home to the reader or hearer.” In other words, this is where we take the meaning of Scripture and apply it to our daily lives.
(Note: the terms exegesis and hermeneutics are often used interchangeably or even the opposite of how I’ve defined them above. For the sake of this post though, those are the definitions we’ll be using.)
The Eerdmans Bible Dictionary explains, “The interpreter of the Bible is concerned first to discover the meaning of the text in its original context (which process is called “exegesis”), then to show the meaning of the text for his or her own era (the process of “hermeneutics,” from Hermes the divine messenger).” A good pastor will make sure to balance both of these disciplines in his preaching and teaching. Application is impossible without first understanding the Bible; interpretation is useless if it has no bearing on how we live. We must take great care to ensure we understand the message, then we can carefully consider how to live it out in our lives.
So how do we do this? Well, there are dozens of great tools available—many of them free—for students of the Bible; whether they are advanced students or just getting started. As I mentioned in the first post discussing this topic, I think it’s best for any student of the Bible to have a good Study Bible. I recommend the ESV Study Bible or the NIV Study Bible, but the key is to make sure you can understand what you’re reading.
Once you feel as though it’s time to branch out a little bit, there are many online resources available for free:
The point of this list is not to be exhaustive, but just to show you that there is a ton of free content available online that can enrich your understanding and application of God’s word.
You can even try checking out your local library and look at what they have available. I know the library at the base I was stationed at had the New International Commentary on the Old Testament (info: NICOT) and the New International Commentary on the New Testament (info: NICNT), which are two of the best commentaries available right now. This is a benefit for those who enjoy cracking open a book more than they like reading online.
Perhaps you’ve been checking out free resources but feel like you want something more advanced. If you’re willing to pay for Bible study tools, you can try going to a local used book store and seeing if they have any used commentaries available. I would recommend checking out bestcommentaries.com to get a feel for what type of commentary would be best for you. Another option to consider is Bible study software. I use Logos and I love it! Logos gives you the advantage of having an electronic library of resources—commentaries, dictionaries, etc.—and combines it with a librarian who knows every book by heart. You can literally do dozens of hours of research in seconds.
But remember that the goal of getting a deeper understanding of the meaning of the Bible is to cause us fall deeper in love with our Savior and to be better servants of God in this world. Lloyd-Jones had this warning for pastors, but I think it’s relevant to anyone who gets into deeply studying the Bible:
We continually need to be humbled. That is why balanced reading is essential. If your heart is not as much engaged as your head in these matters, your theology is defective – apart from anything else. There is a real danger of becoming over-theoretical, over-academic, over-objective, over-intellectual. That will mean not only are you in a dangerous spiritual state yourself, but also that to that extent you will be a poor preacher and a poor pastor.
If we read with our head and not with our heart, we will forget our first love, and simply grow to love the knowledge we’ve accumulated. So I encourage you to grow in grace and knowledge of our Savior (2 Pet 3:18)! We must know God, then go serve God. Know, go.